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Prime Ministers of Australia & Their Party

Prime Ministers of Australia  …  Present – 1975      1975 – 1941      1941 – 1914      1914 – 1901       More Information
See also  What the letters after their names mean (postnominals)

The office of Australian Prime Ministers was held more than once by Rudd, Deakin, Fisher and Menzies. Robert Menzies held the longest continuous term of 16 years, 1 month, and 8 days. In contrast, Francis Forde served the shortest term of 7 days followed by Earle Page for 19 days, John McEwan for 22 days and Arthur Fadden for 39 days. Youngest man to take the office was John Watson at the age of 37.

Summary

The following shows the amount of time each party was in power without interruption. For example, the Labor Party under Keating and Hawk held power for 13 years before being defeated by another party.

Yrs Mths Days
 Labor
 Gillard – Rudd 5 9 14
 Keating – Hawke 13 0 0
 Whitlam 2 11 7
 Forde – John Curtin 3 9 6
 Scullin 2 2 16
 Hughes – Fisher 8 4 22
 Fisher 3 1 26
 Fisher 0 6 21
 Watson 0 3 21
 Liberal
 Abbott current PM
 Howard 11 8 23
 Fraser 7 4 0
 McMahon – Gorton 4 10 26
 Holt – Menzies 18 0 0
 Cook 1 2 25
Yrs Mths Days
 Country
 McEwen 0 0 23
 Fadden 0 1 9
 Page 0 0 20
 United Australia
 Menzies 2 4 4
 Lyons 7 3 2
 Nationalist
 Bruce 6 8 14
 Free Trade
 Reid 0 10 18
 Protectionist
 Deakin 0 10 28
 Deakin 3 4 9
 Deakin – Barton 3 3 26

Summary

The following shows in more detail when each party was in power. For information about a specific term of office held by an Australian Prime Minister, please see our page Prime Ministers of Australia.

Prime Minister Yrs Mths Days Date Party
28 Tony Abbott 2013 – present
*
*
27
26
Kevin Michael Rudd
Julia Eileen Gillard
Julia Eileen Gillard
Kevin Michael Rudd
5 9 10 2013
2010 – 2013
2010
2007 – 2010
25 John Winston Howard 11 8 23 1996 – 2007
24
23
Paul John Keating
Robert James Lee Hawke
13 0 0 1991 – 1996
1983 – 1991
22 John Malcolm Fraser 7 4 0 1975 – 1983
21 Edward Gough Whitlam 2 11 7 1972 – 1975
20
19
William McMahon
John Grey Gorton
4 10 26 1971 – 1972
1968 – 1971
18 John McEwen 0 0 23 1967 – 1968
17
*
Harold Edward Holt
Robert Gordon Menzies
18 0 0 1966 – 1967
1949 – 1966
15
14
Francis Michael Forde
John Curtin
3 9 6 1945
1941 – 1945
13 Arthur William Fadden 0 1 9 1941
12 Robert Gordon Menzies 2 4 4 1939 – 1941
11 Earle Christmas Grafton Page 0 0 20 1939
10 Joseph Aloysius Lyons 7 3 2 1932 – 1939
9 James Henry Scullin 2 2 16 1929 – 1932
8 Stanley Melbourne Bruce 6 8 14 1923 – 1929
7
*
William Morris Hughes
Andrew Fisher
8 4 22 1915 – 1923
1914 – 1915
6 Joseph Cook 1 2 25 1913 – 1914
* Andrew Fisher 3 1 26 1910 – 1913
* Alfred Deakin 0 10 28 1909 – 1910
5 Andrew Fisher 0 6 21 1908 – 1909
* Alfred Deakin 3 4 9 1905 – 1908
4 George Houstoun Reid 0 10 18 1904 – 1905
3 John Christian Watson 0 3 21 1904
2
1
Alfred Deakin
Sir Edmund Barton
3 3 26 1903 – 1904
1901 – 1903

NOTES about the Nationalist Party
In 1931 the National Party joined with other groups and formed the United Australia Party.

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