Posted By John
Population

The 4 April 2016 population of Australia is estimated at approximately 24,035,626 people. Most of the population (83% in 1996) live within 50 km of the coast and concentrated mainly in the large coastal cities of Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.

In 2015 the overall population estimated growth comes from . . .

  • 1 birth every 1 minute 46 seconds
  • 1 death every 3 minutes 27 seconds
  • a net gain of one international migration every 2 minutes 39 seconds
  • overall total population increase of one person every 1 minute 32 seconds

See also Comparing Populations of Countries
(includes Australian population totals over the last 50 years)

Note: all population totals on this website are estimates gathered from a variety of sources. Because the different sources don’t always agree, please use our figures as a guide and not as exact amounts.

Population By Age (estimate)

Age
Groups
2011
% of Total
2011
Females
2011
Males
2006
Females
2006
Males
0 – 14 years 18.3% 1,937,544 2,040,848 1,923,828 2,026,975
15 – 64 years 67.7% 7,266,143 7,469,092 7,121,613 7,318,743
65 + years 14.0% 1,654,508 1,398,576 1,565,153 1,306,329

Top 40 cities by population (2006)

The capital cities are in bold.

1 Sydney NSW 4,293,105 21 Burnie-Devonport TAS 79,954
2 Melbourne VIC 3,684,461 22 Mandurah WA 77,619
3 Brisbane QLD 1,820,375 23 Latrobe Valley VIC 75,553
4 Perth WA 1,507,949 24 Mackay QLD 73,091
5 Adelaide SA 1,138,833 25 Rockhampton QLD 70,128
6 Gold Coast-Tweed QLD / NSW 554,628 26 Bundaberg QLD 62,457
7 Newcastle NSW 512,131 27 Bunbury WA 59,033
8 Canberra ACT 328,441 28 Wagga Wagga NSW 54,191
9 Wollongong NSW 276,155 29 Coffs Harbour NSW 50,368
10 Sunshine Coast QLD 220,199 30 Hervey Bay QLD 50,293
11 Hobart TAS 205,510 31 Mildura VIC 48,836
12 Geelong VIC 167,781 32 Shepparton VIC 48,063
13 Townsville QLD 153,631 33 Tamworth NSW 43,774
14 Cairns QLD 127,856 34 Gladstone QLD 43,507
15 Toowoomba QLD 121,612 35 Port Macquarie NSW 41,332
16 Darwin NT 113,955 36 Orange NSW 37,982
17 Launceston TAS 103,835 37 Dubbo NSW 35,972
18 Albury-Wodonga NSW / VIC 101,273 38 Nowra-Bomaderry NSW 33,364
19 Ballarat VIC 90,303 39 Bathurst NSW 32,398
20 Bendigo VIC 85,978 40 Lismore NSW 31,626

Number of people living in each state (in thousands)

pop in capital 2004 1996 1991 1986 1981 1976
 NSW 63.0% 6,760.0 6,204.7 5,898.7 5,531.5 5,234.9 4,960.8
 VIC 71.0% 5,002.3 4,560.2 4,420.4 4,160.9 3,946.9 3,811.4
 QLD 46.0% 3,919.3 3,338.7 2,961.0 2,624.6 2,245.2 2,091.7
 SA 73.5% 1,537.9 1,474.3 1,446.6 1,382.6 1,318.8 1,274.6
 WA 73.4% 1,998.4 1,765.3 1,636.1 1,459.0 1,300.1 1,178.9
 TAS 41.0% 484.0 474.4 466.8 446.5 427.2 412.4
 ACT 99.6% 324.3 308.3 289.3 258.9 227.6 207.4
 NT 54.0% 200.8 181.8 165.5 154.4 122.6 98.3

Origin of immigrants to Australia

Although Australia had its beginnings as a British penal colony, it was gradually phased out by 1868.
The late 19th century saw hundreds of thousands of immigrants arrive from a variety of countries to make Australia their home.

Australia is a culturally diverse country. At the 1996 Census:

  • 3.9 million people had been born overseas
  • 3.8 million had one or both parents born overseas
  • 2.6 million people spoke a language other than English at home
  • 92 religious denominations
  • 282 major languages (includes 170 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander)
2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000  
 United Kingdom 23,290 18,220 18,272 12,508 8,749 9,037 9,201
 New Zealand 19,033 17,345 14,418 12,368 15,663 25,165 21,889
 India 11,286 9,414 8,135 5,783 5,091 6,336 4,631
 Malaysia 2,967 3,936 3,718 2,686 1,939 2,222 1,771
 Philippines 4,871 4,239 4,111 3,190 2,837 3,123 3,186
 China* 10,581 11,095 8,784 6,664 6,708 8,762 6,809
 South Africa 3,953 4,594 5,849 4,603 5,714 5,754 5,691
 Sudan 3,783 5,654 4,591 2,775
 Singapore 2,685 3,036 2,224
 Viet Nam 2,661
 Sri Lanka 3,212 2,011
 Indonesia 2,584 3,026 4,221 3,921 2,943
 Yugoslavia 2,082 2,343 2,356
 Taiwan 2,599
 Fiji 1,856
 All other countries 46,483 44,579 38,904 37,492 33,885 38,104 31,939

* excluding Taiwan

1993
– 1997
1983
– 1987
1973
– 1977
1963
– 1967
1993
– 1997
1983
– 1987
1973
– 1977
1963
– 1967  
 UK 53,200 88,900 156,200 339,500  Poland 8,100
 NZ 53,600 53,000 20,200  China 28,900
 Viet Nam 21,000 40,100  Greece 11,200 67,400
 Philippines 17,200 22,300  Lebanon 21,900
 Hong Kong 19,500  USA 10,900
 S Africa 14,100  Italy 61,300
 Yugoslavia 18,100 33,600  Malta 19,400
 Germany 17,700

Updated August 2011. You may notice that we show information from a variety of dates. We are unable to find the same type of information for more recent dates than what we show here. Note: This information is for entertainment purposes. We assume no liability resulting from any errors or omissions. Translation . . . we’ve done our best to bring you accurate information. For official facts and figures, please visit any of the many Australian government websites available such as the Australian Bureau of Statistics.

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