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13 July - Chifley takes the reins

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13 July - Chifley takes the reins

Unread postby Max ADU » Sun Jul 14, 2013 2:53 pm

Today In Australia History.
Friday, July 13, 1945.

Joseph Benedict Chifley,
Australia's fifth wartime Prime Minister, is sworn into office.

The war takes it toll
At the time that World War II began, Australia's Prime Minister was Robert Menzies. Menzies made the announcement in September 1939 that Australia was at war with Germany.

A party dissension led Menzies to resign as Prime Minister in August 1941 causing a federal election.

In the federal election five weeks later, the coalition government lost majority support in the House of Representatives and John Curtin became Prime Minister on 7 October 1941.

In December of that year, Curtin announced that Australia was at war with the Japanese Empire.

Curtin suffered a coronary occlusion in November 1944. Curtin was hospitalise for many weeks and resumed office in January 1945.

Curtain never fully recovered, and died unexpectedly in The Lodge on 5 July 1945.

Chifley takes the reins.
Ben Chifley, born Joseph Benedict Chifley had won the Bathurst-based seat of Macquarie in the House of Representatives in 1928, and in 1940, becoming Treasurer in Curtin's government.

After Curtin's death, Deputy Prime Minister Frank Forde temporarily acted as Prime Minister.

Chifley defeated Forde when the Federal Parliamentary Labor Party elected Ben Chifley as its new leader, to become the new Prime Minister of Australia.

Chifley was sworn into office on 13 July 1945. He effectively implemented necessary post-war economic controls, remaining Prime Minister until his defeat by Robert Menzies and the Liberal Party in 1949.
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