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27 February - Thomas Barrett, 1st person hanged in Australia

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27 February - Thomas Barrett, 1st person hanged in Australia

Unread postby Max ADU » Wed Feb 27, 2013 3:48 pm

Today in Australian History
Wednesday, February 27, 1788

The first convict was hanged in the colony of New South Wales.

The First Fleet of convicts to New South Wales assembled in Portsmouth, England, and set sail on 13 May 1787. They arrived in Botany Bay on 18 January 1788. After determining that Botany Bay was unsuitable for settlement, Captain Arthur Phillip led the Fleet northwards to Port Jackson, arriving on 26 January 1788.

Conditions in the new colony were tough. The English tools could not stand up to the hard work of tilling the Australian soil, and they broke easily.

The convicts were disinclined to work hard, many of them not being used to manual labour, and the heat and humidity of the Australian climate only added to their discomfort and lack of motivation to work.

In addition, rations had to be meted out very carefully until farms could start producing crops. Many convicts were hungry enough to steal food, and punishment for theft was severe, ranging from lashing with a cat o' nine tails, or even death by hanging.

Governor Phillip could not afford for any rations to be lost to theft, so he felt compelled to enforce harsh disciplinary measures.

The first convict to be hanged in New South Wales was seventeen year old Thomas Barrett.

Less than a month after the colony was established, Barrett was found stealing "butter, peas and pork".

In a ceremony which all convicts were forced to witness, Barrett was hanged, on 27 February 1788.
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Max ADU
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Re: 27 February - Thomas Barrett, 1st person hanged in Austr

Unread postby Max ADU » Sat Feb 27, 2016 4:50 pm

update
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Max ADU
Site Admin
 
Status:
Posts: 728
Joined: Sat Nov 24, 2012 4:13 pm
Location: Burpengary QLD
First Name: Max
Location - City or Town: Burpengary
State: QLD
Country: Australia


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