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19 February - Darwin, "The day war came to Australia"

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19 February - Darwin, "The day war came to Australia"

Unread postby Max ADU » Tue Feb 19, 2013 10:53 am

Australian History
Thursday, February 19, 1942.

** see 2 video below of footage of the attack

The Japanese bomb Darwin, Australia.

Darwin_Attack.jpg

In 1942, Darwin, the town on the north coast of Australia's Northern Territory, had an official population of about 2,000. It was a strategically-placed naval port and airbase.

During World War II, on 19 February 1942, the Japanese 188 Japanese aircraft attacked Darwin, launching two waves of planes comprising 242 bombers and fighters.

The raids were the first and largest of almost 100 air raids against Australia during 1942–43.

The first wave of 188 Japanese planes was spotted at about 9.15am by civilians on Bathurst and Melville Islands, and Darwin was warned at least twice by radio.

However, the warnings were not taken seriously, and the attackers arrived at their target just before 10.00am. Just before midday, there was a high altitude attack by land-based bombers, concentrated on the Darwin RAAF Airfield: this attack lasted around 20 minutes.

Although it was a less significant target, a greater number of bombs were dropped than in the attack on Pearl Harbour.

Casualties and losses were
250–320 killed
300–400 wounded
23 aircraft destroyed
10 ships sunk
25 ships damaged
7 aircraft destroyed


At least 250 civilians and military personnel were killed, but the real toll was probably much higher as the count did not include the many Indigenous Australians in the area; nor were the numbers among the crews in the merchant ships in the harbour fully known.

Most of Darwin's essential services including water and electricity being badly damaged or destroyed., and half of the town's civilian population fled due to fears of imminent invasion.

Darwin's naval base was essentially abandoned following the attack, and ships were repositioned at Brisbane, Queensland, and Fremantle in Western Australia.

Admiral Osami Nagano, the Chief of the Navy General Staff, was in favour of invading Australia, but the Japanese army lacked the resources for such an undertaking, and opted for the invasion of Midway Island instead.

The attacks were the first of an estimated 64 air raids against Australia during 1942-43.

Watch on youtube.com

Watch on youtube.com
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Max ADU
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Re: 19 February - Darwin, "The day war came to Australia"

Unread postby Max ADU » Fri Feb 19, 2016 9:27 pm

update
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Max ADU
Site Admin
 
Status:
Posts: 728
Joined: Sat Nov 24, 2012 4:13 pm
Location: Burpengary QLD
First Name: Max
Location - City or Town: Burpengary
State: QLD
Country: Australia


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