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21 January -Blue Mountains, "The long and winding road."

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21 January -Blue Mountains, "The long and winding road."

Unread postby Max ADU » Mon Jan 21, 2013 4:48 pm

Australian History
Saturday, January 21, 1815.

The first road is completed over the Blue Mountains in NSW, under the direction of William Cox.

mountain road.jpg

    William Cox was born in Wimborne Minster, Dorset, England in 1764. Following a prestigious military career in England, he became Lieutenant in the New South Wales Corps in 1797, being made paymaster the following year.

    He brought his wife and four sons to Australia, leaving England in August 1799 and arriving in Australia on 11 January 1800.

    Cox briefly endured allegations of misappropriating funds, for which he had to return to England, but after being cleared of all charges, he returned again to Australia in 1811. He resigned his commission, becoming principal magistrate at the Hawkesbury, and also taking on responsibility for erecting many government buildings.

    In May 1813, Blaxland, Lawson and Wentworth crossed the Blue Mountains, finding rich farming land in the Hartley region. George Evans, Deputy Surveyor-General of New South Wales, was keen to progress beyond the discoveries made by Lawson, Blaxland and Wentworth so the colony could expand beyond the Great Dividing Range.

    Leaving Sydney in mid-November 1813, Evans soon reached the termination of the explorers' journey. He continued on through the countryside, eventually reaching the site of present-day Bathurst.

    Upon Evans's return to Sydney, he recommended building a road which would follow the ridge track determined by Blaxland, Lawson and Wentworth.
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