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16 January - South Pole, Journey to the bottom of the world.

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16 January - South Pole, Journey to the bottom of the world.

Unread postby Max ADU » Wed Jan 16, 2013 2:29 pm

Today in Australian History
Saturday, January 16, 1909.

Australian geologists Douglas Mawson and Edgeworth David become the first to reach the magnetic South Pole.

        South Pole Explores.jpg
    The South Pole is the southernmost point on the Earth where the earth's axis of rotation intersects the surface. The Magnetic South Pole is the point nearest the geographic South Pole where the field lines of Earth's magnetic field point directly into the ground.

    In the past century, the magnetic South Pole has shifted, due to movement in the Earth's liquid core.

    Australian geologists Professor Edgeworth David and Sir Douglas Mawson, together with naval surgeon Alistair Mackay, were the first to reach the magnetic South Pole on 16 January 1909.

    They were members of Ernest Shackleton's British Antarctic Expedition. Having found the spot where Mawson's compass pointed directly into the ground, the men raised the British flag and claimed the immediate surrounding Victoria Land for the British Crown.

    The geographic South Pole was first reached by Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen nearly three years later, on 14 December 1911.

    Mawson was honoured on the old paper Australian $100 Bank note issued 1984 until the new plastic money in 1996 replaced the paper venison]

Sir Douglas Mawson.jpg

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Re: 16 January - South Pole, Journey to the bottom of the wo

Unread postby Max ADU » Sat Jan 16, 2016 5:30 pm

bumped
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Max ADU
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