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03 October - 3 Australian History quickies (part 1)

Australian Events for the month of October
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03 October - 3 Australian History quickies (part 1)

Unread postby Max ADU » Thu Oct 03, 2013 7:33 pm

Today in Australian History
3rd October
3 of 6 major events in Australian history today

1933 – Neale Andrew Fraser AO MBE (born 3 October 1933, Melbourne, Victoria)
A son of a Victorian judge and former World No. 1 tennis player from Australia.

Fraser won the Wimbledon singles in 1960 and the US Championships singles in 1959 and 1960.
Fraser also won Men's Doubles champion: 1957 (w/ Lew Hoad), 1958 (w/ Ashley Cooper), 1962 (w/ Roy Emerson

Neale Fraser is member of the International Tennis Hall of Fame.

Fraser was also the Centenary Ambassador for Davis Cup, and was the first recipient of the ITF and International Hall of Fame’s Davis Cup Award of Excellence.
Fraser was honoured with an MBE in 1974 and an AO in 1988.

1952 – The first British nuclear test is conducted at Monte Bello Islands, Western Australia at the invitation of the Menzies government.

The Montebello island
were the site of three nuclear weapons tests by the British military during the 1950s.

A bay on Trimouille Island was the site of Operation Hurricane, the first ever atomic weapon tested by the United Kingdom, on 3 October 1952.

While most subsequent British tests were conducted at sites on mainland Australia, in 1956 there were two further tests, on Alpha and Trimouille Islands respectively.

The second of these,
codenamed "G2", included the largest nuclear explosion in Australia, with a yield of 98 kilotons.

"Operation Hurricane" was conducted 350 metres off the coast of Trimouille Island for the purpose of testing the effects of a bomb smuggled inside a ship - a great concern at the time.

The plutonium
implosion bomb wasexploded inside the hull of HMS Plym, a 1,370-ton River class frigate, which was anchored in 12 m of water. The resulting explosion left a saucer-shaped crater on the seabed 6 metres deep and 300 metres across.

Fallout from the Montebello tests is reported to have contaminated areas of mainland Australia as far away as the Queensland towns of Mount Isa, Julia Creek, Longreach and Rockhampton.

1957 – Australian National Airways (ANA) is merged with Ansett to form Ansett-ANA.

After initially
dismissing his offer, the ANA board began talking with Reginald Ansett, head of the much smaller Ansett Transport Industries Ltd; with its main interstate operation Ansett Airways.

Finally, ANA was sold to Ansett, on 3 October 1957, for 3.3 million pounds.

The two airlines were merged to form Ansett-ANA on 21 October 1957 and the name was retained until 1 November 1968 when it was renamed Ansett Airlines of Australia.
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