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09 August - 8 Australian History quickies

Unread postPosted: Sat Aug 09, 2014 9:57 pm
by Max ADU
It happened today
9th August

8 Major events happened on this day in Australian History.
  • 1890. The first recital is held on what was then the largest pipe organ in the world, the Grand Organ in the Sydney Town Hall.

    The Grand Organ in
    the Sydney Town Hall was built by William Hill and Son in London. It was shipped to Sydney and installed in 1890. Having approximately 8,700 pipes, it was the largest organ in the world at the time, and is still the largest ever built with tubular-pneumatic action.

    Its five manuals (Choir, Great, Swell, Solo and Echo) and pedals have between them 126 speaking stops and 14 couplers. 4000 invited guests were present at the first recital, held on 9 August 1890, performed by W T Best, the City Organist from Liverpool, England.

    Mr Best had tested the organ in London before it was dismantled and shipped to Australia, and declared it "...a marvel of excellence in both tone and mechanism".

  • 1915 – Alexander Burton died at Lone Pine, Gallipoli, Turkey. He was awarded the Victoria Cross.

    Born on 20 January
    1893. Kyneton, Victoria, Australia and in 1911 he began his period of compulsory military service. 18 August 1914 Burton enlisted in the 7th Battalion that took part in the landing at Anzac.

    Burton, who was ill with a throat infection, watched the landing from a hospital ship but a week later he was in the trenches. Burton was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for conspicuous bravery in the trenches at Lone Pine on 9 August.

    Early that morning the Turks launched a strong counter-attack on a newly captured trench held by Burton, a personal friend Lieutenant F. H. Tubb, Corporal W. Dunstanand a few others.

    The Turks advanced up a sap and blew in the sandbag barricade but Burton, Tubb and Dunstan repulsed them and rebuilt it. Supported by strong bombing parties, the enemy twice more destroyed the barricade but were driven off and the barricade was rebuilt.

    Burton was killed by a bomb while building up the parapet. Tubb and Dunstan were also awarded the Victoria Cross.

  • 1942 – HMAS Canberra is sunk in the Battle of Savo Island.
    At the start of World War II, Canberra was initially used for patrols and convoy escort around Australia.

    In July 1940, she was
    reassigned as a convoy escort between Western Australia, Sri Lanka, and South Africa but when Japan entered the war, she was quickly reassigned to convoy duties around New Guinea, interspersed with operations in Malaysian and Javanese waters.

    On 9 August 1942, Canberra was struck by the opening Japanese shots of the Battle of Savo Island, and was quickly damaged. Unable to propel herself, the cruiser was evacuated and sunk in Ironbottom Sound by two American destroyers.

    The United States Navy Baltimore class cruiser USS Canberra was named in honour of the Australian ship, and is the only US warship named for either a foreign warship or a foreign capital city.

  • 1962 – The Federal Government bans the drug, thalidomide.
    Primarily thalidomide prescribed as a sedativeor hypnotic, thalidomide also claimed to cure “anxiety,insomnia, gastritis, and tension". Afterwards it was used against nausea and to alleviate morning sickness in pregnant women.

    Thalidomide became an over the counter drug in Germany on October 1, 1957. Shortly after the drug was sold, in Germany, between 5,000 and 7,000 infants were born with phocomelia (malformation of the limbs). Only 40% of these children survived.

    In 1961 Australian doctor William McBride discovers links between thalidomide and birth defects. where in 1962 Thalidomide was banned in Australia.

  • 1968 – Actor Eric Bana is born. For full content and read more - click here

    1987 – Julian Knight commits the Hoddle Street massacre in Melbourne, claiming seven lives and injuring nineteen others.

    Julian Knight (born 4 March 1968)
    is an Australian mass murderer. On 9 August 1987, he shot dead seven people and injured 19 during a shooting spree in Clifton Hill, Victoria, Australia, in what became known in Australian history as the Hoddle Street massacre.

    After a police chase lasting more than 30 minutes, Knight was captured in nearby Fitzroy North and arrested for the shootings

    Knight is currently serving seven consecutive life sentences with non-parole period of 27 years.

    Knight is currently an inmate in ]the mainstream section of the maximum security Port Phillip Prison near Melbourne, Victoria.

  • 1990 – Joan Kirner becomes Victoria's first female Premier after John Cain II retires from Parliament.

    Joan Elizabeth Kirner AC (born 20 June 1938. Essendon, Victoria,), Australian politician, was the 42nd Premier of Victoria, the first woman to hold the position, which she held for two years prior to a landslide election defeat.

    The Coalition won the election in a landslide result, scoring a 19-seat swing--the second-worst defeat that a sitting government has ever suffered in Victoria.

  • 2004 – Richard Butler, the controversial governor of Tasmania, resigns.
    Richard William Butler AC (born 13 May 1942, Coolah, New South Wales,) has served as an Australian public servant, a United Nations weapons inspector and the Governor of Tasmania.