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05 August - Cowra Japanese breakout.

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05 August - Cowra Japanese breakout.

Unread postby Max ADU » Mon Aug 05, 2013 4:17 pm

Today in Australian History...
Saturday, August 5, 1944.


Japanese prisoners at Cowra, New South Wales, stage a breakout: 4 Australians and 234 Japanese are killed.

During WWII, by August of 1944 there were around 2,223 Japanese prisoners of war being held in camps around Australia.

Internment Camps
One of these
Image
was at the mid-western town of Cowra, in New South Wales. Japanese prisoners in Australia were housed and treated far better than their Australian counterparts being held in Japanese prisons.

The No. 12 Prisoner of War Compound near Cowra was a complex of four smaller camps, each one being allocated in turn to Japanese, Italians, Koreans and Indonesians.

At the time of the Japanese breakout, there were 1,104 Japanese prisoners being contained.

The Outbreak.
On
Image
Friday, 4 August 1944, the Japanese prisoners were informed they would be transferred to the prison complex at Hay, in western New South Wales.

Around 2am on 5 August 1944, an unauthorized bugle was heard in the Japanese camp, which was a signal for the Japanese prisoners to rush from their huts and attack the fences of the compound.

Around 900 Japanese joined in the attack, and those who did not were killed by their compatriots, or they committed suicide.

They stormed the outer barbed wire fence using blankets and baseball gloves for protection, armed with knives, baseball bats, clubs studded with nails and hooks, wire stilettos and garotting cords.

All those still alive were 309 prisoners recaptured within 10 days of the breakout from the surrounding districts and towns.

A number of Japanese had been killed in the gunfire immediately after the breakout, or were burnt after prisoners set fire to many of the huts.

25 were found hanged from trees outside the compound, where they had apparently committed suicide, and two had been killed by trains.
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Re: 05 August - Cowra Japanese breakout.

Unread postby Max ADU » Tue Aug 05, 2014 11:09 pm

updated
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Max ADU
Site Admin
 
Status:
Posts: 728
Joined: Sat Nov 24, 2012 4:13 pm
Location: Burpengary QLD
First Name: Max
Location - City or Town: Burpengary
State: QLD
Country: Australia


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