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11 July - Kerr appointed Governor-General & changes history

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11 July - Kerr appointed Governor-General & changes history

Unread postby Max ADU » Thu Jul 11, 2013 9:36 pm

Today in Australian History - Thursday, July 11, 1974.
** see video below - reason for dismissal of the Prime Mister.

Australian Prime Minister Whitlam appoints the man who would later dismiss him, Sir John Kerr, as Governor-General.

Edward Gough Whitlam
Image
became the 21st Prime Minister of Australia on 2 December 1972 in the first ALP electoral victory since 1946.

On 11 July 1974, Whitlam appointed Sir John Kerr, Chief Justice of New South Wales, as the Governor-General of Australia.

The Australian Constitution gave the Governor-General wide-ranging powers, including the power to appoint and dismiss Ministers and to dissolve Parliament.

Ultimate power
The Governor-General's powers were very clearly put to the test in 1975. Whilst initially popular, the fast pace of Whitlam's reforms engendered caution amongst the electorate, and the economy was beset by high inflation combined with economic stagnation.

The opposition Liberal-National Country Party coalition held a majority in the Senate, the upper house of Parliament.

In an unprecedented move, the Senate deferred voting on bills that appropriated funds for government expenditure, attempting to force the Prime Minister to dissolve the House of Representatives and call an election.

The Whitlam government ignored the warnings and sought alternative means of appropriating the funds it needed to repay huge debts.

The Dismassal
Whitlam
Image
unable to secure the necessary funds, Governor-General Sir John Kerr dismissed Whitlam as Prime Minister on 11 November 1975, and appointed Liberal opposition leader Malcolm Fraser as caretaker Prime Minister.

This was done on the condition that Fraser would seek a dissolution of both the House of Representatives and the Senate, thus precipitating a general election.

This date is another milestone for former Prime Minister Edward 'Gough' Whitlam: he was born today on 11 July 1916.

Watch on youtube.com
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Re: 11 July - Kerr appointed Governor-General & changes history

Unread postby Max ADU » Fri Jul 11, 2014 4:31 pm

Updated
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Max ADU
Site Admin
 
Status:
Posts: 728
Joined: Sat Nov 24, 2012 4:13 pm
Location: Burpengary QLD
First Name: Max
Location - City or Town: Burpengary
State: QLD
Country: Australia


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