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03 September - Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Nobel Prize

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03 September - Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Nobel Prize

Unread postby Max ADU » Tue Sep 03, 2013 12:04 am

Australian Birthday Today
3rd September


Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet,
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usually known as Macfarlane or Mac Burnet, was an Australian virologist (study of viruses) best known for his contributions to immunology.

He won the Nobel Prize in 1960 for predicting acquired immune tolerance and was best known for developing the theory of clonal selection.

The path to greatness
Burnet was born in Traralgon, Victoria on 3 September 1899. Frank Macfarlane Burnet was the second of seven children who had an older sister, two younger sisters and three younger brothers.

In 1923, Burnet went to the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of the University of Melbourne to do research work on the agglutinin reactions in typhoid fever.

Burnet received his Doctor of
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Medicine degree from the University of Melbourne in 1924, and his PhD from the University of London in 1928

In 1946, in collaboration with W. I. B. Beveridge, Burnet devised a technique for cultivating viruses on the chorioallantoic membrane of chicken embryos and in 1947 he discovered, in collaboration with Stone, the receptor-destroying enzyme present in Vibrio cholera where he prevent infection by the influenza to a significant degree,

Burnet did much other important work on certain aspects of the prevention of virus infections and on important biological aspects of virus growth.

Burnet received many honours and distinctions
  • The Fellowship of the Royal Society of London (1942),
  • Awarded the Royal Medal in 1947
  • The Copley Medal in 1959, and
  • Holds an honorary doctorate of the University of Cambridge,
  • Made a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1953.
  • Knighted in 1951, and in 1958 he received the Order of Merit.
  • The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1960

Bernet died of cancer on 31 August 1985, Port Fairy Victoria, Australia.
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Re: 03 September - Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Nobel Prize

Unread postby Max ADU » Wed Sep 03, 2014 12:26 pm

update
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Max ADU
Site Admin
 
Status:
Posts: 728
Joined: Sat Nov 24, 2012 4:13 pm
Location: Burpengary QLD
First Name: Max
Location - City or Town: Burpengary
State: QLD
Country: Australia


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