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10 May - Massacres in Australia changes gun laws

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10 May - Massacres in Australia changes gun laws

Unread postby Max ADU » Sat May 11, 2013 5:05 pm

Today in Australian History
10 May 1996

Prime Minister John Howard announces gun controls
in the wake of the Port Arthur massacre.

As of 2007 about 5.2% of Australian adults (765,000 people) own and use firearms for purposes such as hunting, controlling feral animals, collecting, and target shooting

Gun politics became a notable issue in Australia since the 1980s. Low levels of violent crime through much of the 20th century kept levels of public concern about firearms low.

In the 20 years of the century and several high profile multiple murders and media campaigns, the Australian government co-ordinated more restrictive firearms legislation with all state governments.

Multiple killings aroused public concern from 1984 to 1996,

Milperra massacre
2nd September,1984 (Father's Day in Australia,) The Milperra Massacre, occurred at Milperra, a south-western suburb of Sydney, New South Wales.

The firearm battle between 'outlaw motorcycle gangs rivals the Comancheros and the Bandidos

8 people were killed, in which one was a innocent bystander and 28 with injures. 31 accused where convicted of 63 murder convictions, 147 manslaughter convictions and 31 of affray.

The Hoddle Street massacre
9 August 1987, in Hoddle Street, Clifton Hill, a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria resulted in the shootings of 7 deaths and serious injury to 19 others.

The 19-year-old former Australian Army officer cadet Julian Knight was caught in nearby Fitzroy North and arrested

Knight was sentenced to seven consecutive terms of life imprisonment with a non-parole period of 27 years.


The Queen Street massacre

The Queen Street massacre was a spree-killing-suicide that occurred on 8 December 1987 at the Australia Post offices at 191 Queen Street in Melbourne, Victoria.

The attack resulted in nine fatalities, including Frank Vitkovic ,
the perpetrator. 5 other people were injured in the attack..

The Strathfield massacre
Strathfield massacre was a shooting rampage at Strathfield Plaza Sydney, Australia on Saturday, 17 August 1991.

The shooter was Wade Frankum, who killed himself. The incident left eight dead and six wounded, Two victims were killed with a knife and five more with a firearm.

The Port Arthur massacre
The Port Arthur massacre of 28 April 1996 was Martin Bryant killing spree in which 35 people were killed and 23 wounded.

This mainly at the historic Port Arthur prison colony, a popular tourist site in south-eastern Tasmania, Australia

Martin Bryant was found guilty of all charges and is now serving 35 sentences of life imprisonment (for the 35 murders) plus 1,035 years in Hobart's Risdon Prison

Australia controls Guns
The Port Arthur massacre in 1996 transformed gun control legislation in Australia.

Prime Minister John Howard, then newly elected, immediately took the gun law proposals developed from the report of the 1988 National Committee on Violence and forced the states to adopt them

The proposals included a ban on all semi-automatic rifles and all semi-automatic and pump-action shotguns, and a tightly restrictive system of licensing and ownership controls.

Surveys showed up to 85% of Australians supported gun control, but some farmers and sporting shooters strongly opposed the new laws.

Guns buy-back
Howard’s gun buy-back scheme started on 1 October 1996 and concluded on 30 September 1997.

The buyback purchased and destroyed more than 700,000 firearms, mostly semi-auto .22 rimfires, semi-automatic shotguns and pump-action shotguns.
Changes in social problems related to firearms over time

Changes since the buy-back
Between 1991 and 2001, the number of firearm-related deaths in Australia declined 47%.

Victims of homicide
1996 - 354 victims 2010 - 260 victims Decrease 27%.
Homicide victims killed by offenders
1996 - 38% 2010 - 18% Decrease 20%
Firearm suicides 1996 - 22% 2010 - 7% Decrease 15%
Guns Stolen
4,195 per year from 1994 to 2000 1,526 in 2006–2007
3% of these weapons stolen were connected serious offence
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