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25 April - William Gosse and Ayres Rock / Uluru

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25 April - William Gosse and Ayres Rock / Uluru

Unread postby Max ADU » Tue Apr 23, 2013 4:36 pm

Today in Australian History
Wednesday, April 23, 1873.
see Uluru also know as Ayers Rock video at bottom

William Gosse departs Alice Springs on an expedition, during which he discovers Ayers Rock.

The Discovery of Ayers Rock
Explorer William Gosse, of the South Australian Survey Department, became the first European explorer to see Ayers Rock, quite by accident. His expedition into the central interior departed Alice Springs on 23 April 1873, heading in a northwesterly direction.

The need to find water for his camels forced him to take a more southerly course than he had originally planned.

It was then that he sighted Ayers Rock in central Australia, recording that,
"This rock is certainly the most wonderful natural feature I have ever seen".


On 19 July 1873 he reached Uluru and gave it the name Ayers Rock.

The second largest monolith in the world, second only to Mt Augustus which is also in Australia.

Ayers Rock was named after the former Premier of South Australia, Sir Henry Ayers. It is now known by its native name of Uluru.

The Man
William Christie "Willie" Gosse (1842–12 August 1881), was an Australian explorer, who was born in Hertfordshire, England and migrated to Australia with his father Dr. William Gosse in 1850.

He was educated at J.L. Young's Adelaide Educational Institution and in 1859 he entered the Government service of South Australia. He held various positions in the survey department, including Deputy Surveyor-General.

Although Gosse's exploration was not groundbreaking, he filled in many details in the central map. He named the Musgrave Ranges and was able correctly to lay down the position of some of the discoveries of Ernest Giles.

He died of a heart attack on 12 August 1881, aged 38, after a long illness.

The Rock
Uluru (English pronunciation: /ˌuːluːˈruː/), also known as Ayers Rock, is a large sandstone rock formation in the southern part of the Northern Territory, central Australia.

It lies 335 km (208 mi) south west of the nearest large town, Alice Springs, 450 km (280 mi) by road. Kata Tjuta and Uluru are the two major features of the Uluṟu-Kata Tjuṯa National Park.

Uluru is sacred to the Anangu, the Aboriginal people of the area. The area around the formation is home to a plethora of springs, waterholes, rock caves and ancient paintings.

Uluru is listed as a World Heritage Site.

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