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12 February - NSW, We struck GOLD!!!"

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12 February - NSW, We struck GOLD!!!"

Unread postby Max ADU » Tue Feb 12, 2013 3:04 pm

Today in Australian History
Wednesday, February 12,


1851 - The first payable gold is discovered in Australia.

panning_gold_at_summerhill_creek_ophir.jpg

Gold was discovered in Australia as early as the 1830s, but discoveries were kept secret, for fear of sparking off unrest among the convicts.

The discoveries were usually made by farmers who did not want to subject their sheep and cattle runs to a sudden influx of prospectors and lawlessness that would inevitably follow.

However, as more people left the Australian colonies to join the gold rush in California, it became apparent that the outward tide of manpower would need to be stemmed.

The government began to seek experts who could locate gold in Australian country sides.

Gold was first officially discovered in Australia on 12 February 1851, not far from Bathurst, New South Wales.

Edward Hammond Hargraves had carefully studied the geology of the area and, convinced that it was similar to that of the California goldfields, from where he had just returned, went prospecting. He enlisted the assistance of John Lister, a man who had already found gold in the region.

Lister led Hargraves directly to where gold was found, at Summerhill Creek, at a site which Hargraves named "Ophir".

After reporting his discovery, he was appointed a 'Commissioner of Land', receiving a reward of £10,000 plus a life pension.

The New South Wales government made the official announcement of the discovery of gold in May 1851.

Lister, however, was never given any credit or reward for his part in the discovery.
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Re: 12 February - NSW, We struck GOLD!!!"

Unread postby Max ADU » Sat Feb 13, 2016 1:34 am

update
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Max ADU
Site Admin
 
Status:
Posts: 728
Joined: Sat Nov 24, 2012 4:13 pm
Location: Burpengary QLD
First Name: Max
Location - City or Town: Burpengary
State: QLD
Country: Australia


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