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01 December - Australian History quickies (part 2)

Australian Events for the month of December
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01 December - Australian History quickies (part 2)

Unread postby Max ADU » Sun Dec 01, 2013 8:59 pm

Australian History quickies
1st December

6 of 9 major events in Australian history today (part 2)
1900's
  • 1942 – The corvetteHMAS Armidale is attacked and sunk by Japanese aircraft off Timor.
    HMAS Armidale was
    Image
    launched in early 1942, and initially assigned to convoy escort duties, but was transferred to Darwin in October 1942.

    The corvette was attacked and sunk by 13 Japanese aircraft, off Betano Bay on the south coast of Portuguese Timor, now East Timor) while trying to evacuate Australian and Dutch soldiers.

    HMAS Armidale was the only Bathurst-class corvette of 32 to be lost to enemy action.

  • 1973 – Australia grants self-government to Papua New Guinea.
    From 1949, Papua
    Image
    and New Guinea had entirely separate administrations, both was controlled by Australia.

    The country's geography ]is diverse and, in places, extremely rugged.

    A spine of mountains, the New Guinea Highlands, runs the length of the island of New Guinea, forming a populous highlands region mostly


    1976 – Sir Douglas Ralph
    Image
    "Doug" Nicholls,KCVO, OBE

    ( born 9 December 1906, Cummeragunja Reserve, New South Wales – died 4 June 1988, Mooroopna, Victoria)
    was appointed the 28th Governor of South Australia becoming the first indigenous Governor of an Australian state.

    Nicholls was the first Aboriginal person to be knighted and also the first appointed to vice-regal office, serving as Governor of South Australia from 1 December 1976 until his resignation on 30 April 1977 due to poor health.

  • 1982 – The Commonwealth introduced the Freedom of Information Act.
    This act gives the right for any person of the public rights of access to official documents of the Government of the Commonwealth and of its agencies

  • 1984 – The Bob Hawke-led Australian Labor Party is returned to power at federal election.
    Robert James Lee
    Image
    Hawke AC GCL (born 9 December 1929, Bordertown, South Australia) was the 23rd Prime Minister of Australia and the Leader of the Labor Party from 1983 to 1991.

    Bob Hawke led Labor to victory at two more elections in 1987 and 1990, thus making him the most successful Labor Leader in history.

    1987 – Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen resigns as Premier of Queensland after 19 years in power. He is replaced by Mike Ahern.

  • 1987 – Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen resigns as Premier of Queensland after 19 years in power.

    He was
    Image
    replaced by Mike Ahern.

    The reason Sir Joh resigned as premier and from parliament, declaring:
    "The policies of the National Party are no longer those on which I went to the people. Therefore I have no wish to lead the Government any longer. It was my intention to take this matter to the floor of State Parliament. However, I now have no further interest in leading the National Party any further.
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